History: Cylburn Arboretum
The Tyson Family Jesse Tyson was a successful businessman as the President of Baltimore Chrome Works. He began construction of Cylburn Mansion in 1863 as a summer home for his mother and himself.
Baltimore Chrome Works was in the business of mining exporting chromite throughout the world.
Mansion The Mansion is a luxurious post-Civil War dwelling, built of gneiss from Tyson's quarries at Bare Hills, Maryland, with mansard roof, a tower and a cupola of Italianate design. Its fireplaces, inlaid floors, mosaics, tapestries and ornate plaster work have been preserved.
Historic Grounds In 1954, the Board of Recreation and Parks founded the Cylburn Wildflower Preserve and Garden Center. A group of volunteers designed trails and gardens and developed the Cylburn grounds as a center for environmental education and horticulture. In 1982, the Preserve was renamed Cylburn Arboretum.